Of the five main developers, Pieter Wuille of Blockstream supports a modest network capacity increase in 2017 long after a transaction backlog is expected. Gregory Maxwell also of Blockstream also opposes BIP 101. Jeff Garzik promotes his BIP 100 but is concerned about inaction if BIP 100 isn’t accepted. Wladimir J. van der Laan also has a BIP proposal that is not numbered yet. While Gavin Andresen has helped release software called Bitcoin XT that will implement BIP 101 not before January 2016 only if the network supports the change.
There are other developers that have weighed in on this topic. There’s Mike Hearn who originally wrote Bitcoin XT. When Bitcoin XT was first written, it did not change the capacity of the bitcoin network. BitcoinXT was the first client that would support the lighthouse project which allows crowd funding campaigns with bitcoin. It was Mike Hearn who agreed to implement BIP101 in Bitcoin XT with the help of Gavin Andresen.
Other developers currently against BIP 101 include Peter Todd, and Luke-jr. With so much division it has been impossible for Bitcoin Core to adapt to bitcoin’s expected growth. This fact is probably responsible for the hundreds of Installations of Bitcoin XT and a few BIP101 blocks that were mined last week. Some reaction to this divergence from Bitcoin Core spurred many comments about consensus. There was a growing concern that this sequence of events would lead away from consensus.
Alas, these concerns may not be valid. As there is now a workable, and fairly convenient solution to allow for the growth of the network. This could serve as a rally point. People may now see a path to the next generation bitcoin network. There seems to be no indication the bitcoin core team will not break out of its division and inaction that has plagued that team for over two years. In fact Luke-jr has even suggested that he might change his mind. Could this be the very beginning of the building of a consensus that some people have been clamoring for? Time will tell, time will tell.
The past couple weeks have seen some drastic moves by the United States Government and the US Global Illicit Financial Team. Starting with the DHS blocking and seizing Dwolla accounts that were linked to Mt. Gox a little more than two weeks ago, the scene was set for more of the same. The crime in question: Money Laundering and not registering as a money-transmitting service.
This past week the witch hunt continued with Liberty Reserve being the next suspect. Liberty Reserve is a Costa Rica based online virtual currency service similar to PayPal. Founder, Arthur Budovsky, was arrested in Spain and was one of six indicted in connection with Liberty Reserve. The indictment included a ludicrous claim that the service laundered, “more than $6 billion in criminal proceeds” and was “one designed to help criminals conduct illegal transactions and launder the proceeds of their crimes” — essentially accusing most of the users of being involved in criminal activities.
Among the legitimate customers of Liberty Reserve is ePay Cards, a service that functioned like an online pre-paid Master Card or Visa. Mitver Holdings owns ePay Cards and has $28,000 USD tied up in Liberty Reserve accounts at the time of the shutdown. This is not a new territory for Mr. Budovsky, in 2006 he was found guilty for operating Gold Age from his Brooklyn, New York apartment. Started in 1999, Gold Age was one of the first independent e-gold exchangers.
Liberty Reserve is certainly getting a lot of press out of the shutdown but several other sites have also had their domain names seized this past week. Here is a list of other sites shutdown or seized:
Panama based Perfect Money is taking steps to protect itself from becoming a victim of the witch hunt by changing policies to restrict US residents from using their service. They put out this statement:
We bring to your attention that due to changes in our policy we forbid new registrations from individuals or companies based in the United States of America. This includes US citizens residing overseas. If you fall under the above mentioned category or a US resident, please do not register an account with us.
The Dollar / Bitcoin Portal
As we have talked about on the Neocash Radio podcast, efforts by the US government to halt the growth of Bitcoin have focused on points at which dollars are exchanged for the digital currency. This appears to be the primary tactic employed in the State’s strategy.
The Bitcoin network is largely unassailable due to it’s decentralized and distributed nature. With a total computer power leagues ahead of current super computers, there are few options to hinder the digital currency. While this latest trend does not bode well for the services that have existed for years, start-ups and recent Bitcoin based services like bitinstant and bitpay are stepping up to fill the newly created void.
Bitcoin Price Stability
The price of bitcoin across exchanges has remained on a steady upward climb the past two weeks regardless of the bad news generated by government intervention. Many articles and comments were made about how Bitcoin is maturing. I think it more accurate to say that the large number of recent adopters have become more confident in the digital currency.
The volume of trading at Mt. Gox has been trending downward since the $266.00 price point. What effect the most recent shutdowns have had is difficult to parse out. The Dwolla shutdown appears to have had some effect but exact numbers would be difficult to calculate. Mt. Gox remains the highest volume exchange in the marketplace with U.S. Dollars as the most used currency.
Other exchanges are growing and seemingly picking up some of the volume lost at Mt.Gox. BitStamp is one of the up and comers with recent days where it traded 50% the volume of Mt. Gox. BitStamp has also moved into second, overtaking BTC-e, for overall volume of USD trades according to the charts at BitcoinCharts.
Regardless of the recent government interventions Bitcoin markets and entrepreneurs are not deterred. Quite the opposite, Venture Capitalists are jumping to be a part of the next bitcoin business, Russian WebMoney is adding a bitcoin payment option for it’s 11 million users, and companies are coming up with innovate new exchanges. The future of Bitcoin is set to be fascinating and more importantly, functional.
It only makes sense when you consider the fact that Bitcoin grants the user a stronger position in terms of control over their money. Capital controls may not be a big thing in the United States but there are many countries who’s residents are looking for a better way to buy what they want and Bitcoin is offering a solution. Bitcoin is a truly international phenomenon, a universal currency devoid of dogma, duty or nationalism and it represents a dynamic change in human evolution. Bitcoin returns to the individual the power of money in a civilization ruled by money.
The person or people claiming the name Satoshi Nakamoto solved a difficult problem. There was a certain amount of creativity required, and a simplistic beauty in the solution. Like many times when a elegant solution is announced, more problems become apparent. It is the very nature of solutions that they expand what people can think about and hence lead to more unanswered questions. In this way, the chain of discoveries progresses on.
Satoshi is not immune to this process of answers leading to more questions. We have seen the successful implementation of Bitcoin, which has led to more problems. One such problem is that fees for transactions are static and not dynamically adjusted as demand for block space or market conditions change. Another such problem is blockchain bloat, which every user that downloads the reference client experiences as they loose over seven gigabytes of free space on their hard drive. Another problem is that unsuspecting users get very small payments many times, these payments can’t be spent as they will not cover the fee of a transaction that will be several kilobytes in size. Of course, there is a viewpoint that these are not problems at all, but rather suboptimal solutions.